For Patrick Cleburne's Division, in which Great Grandfather Nathan Oakes served in the 32nd Mississippi, the losses were severe. According to the Official Records, of the 5,115 men in the division, a total of 1,743 were officially listed as killed or wounded—1 out of every 3. In spite of a fight of over 2 days, partly at night and in thick woods, only 6 men were listed as missing.
* Though clearly defeated on the battlefield, Rosecrans will eventually consider his retreat to Chattanooga a kind of win. His reasoning was that since possession of Chattanooga had been his original plan, now that his army was in control of the town, his ignoble retreat had turned into a success. At least one Union general and army historian, Henry Martyn Cist, apparently agreed: "At seven o'clock on the morning of the 22d, the Army of the Cumberland, again united, was in position, holding the coveted prize, still strong enough to prevent the enemy from attempting further to dispute our possession of the town."
Sources: Official Records, Vol. 30, Pt. 2; Stonewall of the West, Craig L. Symonds; This Terrible Sound, Peter Cozens; The Army of the Cumberland, Henry Martyn Cist