In honor of Pvt. Nathan R. Oakes, CSA

150 years ago, my great grandfather, Nathan Richardson Oakes, served as a private in Company D of the distinguished 32nd Mississippi Infantry Regiment in the Army of Tennessee. He participated in the great Civil War campaigns, including the battles of Perryville, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Atlanta, Franklin, Nashville, and Bentonville. I am writing about his engagements as well as some details about fighting for the Lost Cause. I hope to honor him and commemorate the events and individuals that contributed to making this a renowned unit in the Confederate Army of Tennessee.

Tuesday, July 9, 2013

Cleburne's Division posted at Tyner's Station

By this date in 1863, traveling almost 100 miles on foot and by rail, Gen. Cleburne brought Hardee’s Corps (except for the 15th Arkansas, which was dispatched by train to Chickamauga Station to guard it) to Tyner’s Station, arriving on the 10th. The village, then 9 miles east of Chattanooga, was on the railroad to Knoxville. Cleburne’s Division, which included Great Grandfather's 32nd Mississippi Infantry Regiment, encamped in and around the village, with Stewart’s Division nearby, and Polk’s Corps in and below Chattanooga. Tyner's Station will serve as Cleburne's divisional headquarters for several weeks.

Location of Tyner's Station today

Soldiers from Gen. Patrick Cleburne's Division had occupied this key rail station since May. Cleburne’s troops built 4 redoubts to guard the station on the East Tennessee & Georgia Railroad and the village. One was built on Tyner Hill. Another redoubt was in the center of the village of Tyner, next to the house that Cleburne used as his headquarters in the coming campaign.

Col. Lowrey set up his regimental headquarters at the Good Springs Baptist Church, across that main road from the village. That Sunday he gathered his flock at the church for a sermon he preached to them, doing the same the following week. The church also served as a hospital for the regiment.

The 32nd Regiment will stay here through the end of the month.

Sources: Pat Cleburne: Confederate General, Howell & Elizabeth Purdue; Civil War Diary of Henry Stephen Archer, Sr.Official Records, Vol. 23, Pt. 2

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